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It includes an interactive web-based interface asthma definition 45 buy 5mg montelukast fast delivery, pre-designed reports asthmatic bronchitis causes discount 4 mg montelukast free shipping, and other features to asthma definition 3 phase cheap montelukast 10mg without a prescription assist you in monitoring and reconciling your budget. Before you start reading about the Finance Data Warehouse environment, you want to view the environment. The most commonly used are Financial Reporting, Transaction Inquiry, and Sponsored Programs. The Financial Reporting dashboard holds reports related to reporting financial information, such as financial summaries. The Transaction Inquiry contains reports related to transactions, such as purchase orders or actual transactions. The Home tab allows you to select your default settings for your business unit, primary budget ledger, and original budget scenario. You can select default values for the primary business unit for campus level reporting, the primary budget ledger, and the original budget scenario. By saving your default settings for each dashboard, the dashboard will apply your settings each time, saving you time and extra steps from making these selections. This section covers the basic steps for running reports, as well as, providing detail on different elements involved in the process. Once your report is completed, you can drill down on the totals, export, or print the results. For example, the Financial Reporting dashboard contains several reports, such Manage My Budget as of Period, Financial Summary as of Period, etc. The icon allows you to toggle on and off the information displayed in this section. Page 13 Phase 2 Quick Reference Guide Finance Data Warehouse Overview Select Values Window the Select Values Window allows you make appropriate selections for funds, departments, etc. For example, the Fund Select Values Window allows you select one or more funds to include in your report. The Select Values Window has six (5) sections: Operator box (1), Criteria box (2), the Available Choices box (3), Selection buttons (4), and the Selected box (5). The Column Selectors determine the contents of the columns on the left-side of your report. You can easily create a report with one or more columns by selecting the column fields or selecting the option to hide the column. They allow you see your report results in different formats that contain different columns. Set Account Type report filter Click the down arrow for Account Type Check 50 - Revenues and 60 - Expenditures 6. Set Fund report filter Click the down arrow for Fund Uncheck the X Click More/Search 7. To search for your department, In the criteria box, enter your criteria, such as D211 the values are case-sensitive. You can change the column selectors, change report views, add subtotals, exclude columns, add drop downs, and more. This section will cover changing column selectors, changing report views, adding subtotals, and excluding columns. This views shows the Current Budget, Actuals, Encumbrances, Balance Available, and % Used Fiscal Year. To begin, Right click Month to Date Actuals From the list, click Exclude column 3. Repeat the steps to exclude columns: Prior Year(s) Actuals, Year to Date Actuals, and % Used Fiscal Year 7. Subtotal allow you add a row to your report with a total based on the values in columns on the left-hand side. These tasks include: Saving the report Exporting the report data Printing the report 8. When you save your selections, the system will save your report filters, layout, and formatting. However, you will need to remember two pieces of information ­ the dashboard and report. To initiate the download process, click the allowing you to select the desired format.

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These firstlien mortgage loans may have a discounted interest rate or limited origination fees or may permit high loan-to-value ratios asthma guidelines expert panel report 3 cheap 10 mg montelukast mastercard. Subordinate-financing options may be simple asthma zyrtec buy montelukast 10 mg mastercard, such as a relatively inexpensive subordinate-lien loan to asthma symptoms status epilepticus cheap 10mg montelukast with visa pay for closing costs. See New York State Housing Finance Agency Act, 1960 Laws of New York, 183rd Session, Chap. The exceptions must be justified with strong compensating factors, which must indicate that the consumer can afford the repayment of the increased debt. Under Internal Revenue Code section 501(c)(3), the designation is for nonprofit, taxexempt, charitable organizations not operated for the benefit of private interests. Various Federal programs establish eligibility requirements and provide ongoing monitoring of specific types of creditors that receive Federal grants and other support. This proposed rule is not designed to place particular burdens on participation by nonprofit organizations. For example, these creditors often consider personal narratives explaining prior financial difficulties, such as gaps in employment or negative credit history. Nonprofit creditors may engage in community-focused lending without obtaining one of the designations described above. These challenges have been magnified by current housing and credit market conditions. While partnerships with State and local government are critical to the development of affordable housing, these organizations are viewed as private, independent organizations separate and apart from State or local governments. Homeownership Stabilization and Foreclosure Prevention Programs During the early stages of the financial crisis the mortgage market significantly 45 the Federal Home Loan Bank of Des Moines provides funds for member bank programs related to rural homeownership, urban first-time homebuyers, and Native American homeownership. The Federal Home Loan Bank of Chicago provides funds for member bank programs related to down payment and closing cost assistance or eligible rehabilitation costs for the purchase of a home. Freddie Mac offers both first- and subordinate-lien mortgage loans through the Home Possible program. This led to increases in delinquencies and foreclosures, which prompted further tightening of underwriting standards. See Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, Survey of Credit Underwriting Practices 2011, p. The Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008,53 as amended by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009,54 authorizes the Treasury Department to ``use loan guarantees and credit enhancements to facilitate loan modifications to prevent avoidable foreclosures. See also Consumer Compliance Outlook, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia (Third Quarter 2009), available at. Section 1202(b) of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, Public Law 111­5 (Jan. These programs provide assistance to homeowners in the District of Columbia and the 18 States most affected by the economic crisis. For example, in September 67 See Hardest Hit Fund Program Guidelines Round 1, available at. These efforts have enabled many consumers to receive refinancings under these programs. In July 2010 the maximum loanto-value ratio was increased from 105 percent to 125 percent. These programs comprise a 86 See Press Release, Treasury Department, Relief for Responsible Homeowners (Mar. Also, many community creditors chose to retain the relationship model of underwriting, rather than fully adopting standardized data models popular with larger banks. Retaining these traditional business methods had important the Mortgage Loan Market for Small consequences during the subprime Portfolio Creditors crisis. While large lending institutions Traditionally, underwriting standards generally depended on the secondary were determined at the branch or local market for funding, small community bank level. These practices heavily banks and credit unions generally emphasized the relationship between remained reliant on deposits to fund the bank and the consumer.

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Using a cascade approach of one-week training workshops uncomplicated asthma definition purchase montelukast 5 mg on-line, 8 asthma symptoms tight chest 4mg montelukast overnight delivery,837 field education officers asthma treatment step wise approach purchase 4mg montelukast, head teachers and teachers were trained (prioritizing those located in Rift Valley and Nyanza Provinces, which had been most severely affected by the post-election violence). Various co-curricular and whole-school initiatives were also employed at the school level. Their activities included: addressing pressing issues through drama, art, writing, poems, dances and discussion; displaying posters with peace messages; advocating for peace among parents and community members; conducting environmental conservation activities; and providing support for the sick and disabled in the community. For instance: displaying peace messages in all classes in English and in Kiswahili; sensitizing parents and school management committees to a peace ethic; encouraging empathy, love and care for one another; fostering togetherness and cooperation among students coming from different backgrounds; supporting peace clubs; encouraging every teacher to start lessons with a peace message each Friday; changing seating arrangements in class so learners from different backgrounds mixed; incorporating peace education in the pastoral programme; organizing inter-school peace ball games. As a channel of communication, a suggestion box was installed in about 60 per cent of the researched schools through which learners and community members could express their views without fear. The initiative through a socioecological lens: An initiative emanating at the macro-system level that, through structured and systematic support and reinforcement, has borne fruit at the school (microsystemic) and community (exo-systemic) levels. There are successful examples of schools creating an inclusive, safe and comfortable school atmosphere where more students, especially girls, feel safe and supported. The report has identified that child-friendly pedagogy and family and community participation are "the two most important factors in creating positive school culture" (126) (See more on pedagogy and community participation in subsections 4. A recent study of child-friendly education reaffirms that realizing equal access to education ­ an important component of conflict-sensitive education (see 3. This means more thoroughly engaging with and celebrating diversity and seeing it as an opportunity for a richer education that broadens the horizons and enriches the experience of all. These strategies helped children develop positive identity and pride, which has contributed to active participation in learning. Indigenous parents, welcomed and valued, felt an increasing sense of ownership towards the school. Teachers also felt proud and confident about their identity as 28 Child-friendly Schooling for Peacebuilding Mayans, and they came to see themselves as advocates for the rights of the children and their own rights as indigenous peoples (Shaeffer 2013). Practising sports is one of the important strategies for forging connective bonds between children. In the case of Rwanda, playing sports not only teaches children the importance of teamwork but also meets their emotional need to bond and belong. Through sports, children socialize with each other easily in spite of ethnic and gender differences. A number of peacebuilding education case studies in this report ­ Fambul Tok (box 2), the Peace Education Programme in Kenya (box 3), Generations for Peace (box 12), the Peace Club Project in Nigeria (box 13), the School Without Violence programme in Serbia (box 14) ­ also feature the use of sport as a means of building social cohesion and mutual understanding between divided groups. Through child-centred teaching and learning methods, linking school and community and creating platforms for student participation in school and community, it has fostered a positive sense of belonging among students. Colombia: Escuela Nueva Background and activities Escuela Nueva (New School) is a participatory, collaborative and flexible pedagogic model designed in the mid-1970s in Colombia with the aim of improving the quality, equity, relevance and effectiveness of rural multi-grade primary schools. In the late 1980s, the Government of Colombia adopted Escuela Nueva as a national policy for rural primary schools. By 2011, the approach had been taken up by approximately 17,000 schools in Colombia, including schools in many places affected by civil war, guerrilla insurgency, drug cartels and paramilitary operations. The modular-based learning is flexible, self-paced and self-directed, with students working in pairs, in small groups and individually. Students are actively engaged in the process of knowledge acquisition through expressing their opinions and discussing them with others. By cooperatively making decisions, they develop a sense of autonomy and ownership. Teachers play the role of guide or facilitator in a horizontal, rather than vertical, relationship with their students. Parents bring their knowledge and experience to student learning through various instruments, including community maps, family cards, community monographs, and agricultural and production calendars. For instance, in the municipalities of Barbosa and Barichara, which faced the risk of increasing social tension due to drastic water shortages, Escuela Nueva schools encouraged behavioural and attitudinal change towards the rational use of water by children, teachers and the community. In addition, they collaborated with communities to increase and protect water resources by, for example, re-covering wells and planting hundreds of trees. Since 2006, the Learning Circles programme has been developed to meet the needs of child ex-combatants.

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  • Chest tightness
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Further asthma getting worse cheap 10mg montelukast with mastercard, even when abnormalities are present asthmatic bronchitis untreated buy montelukast 4mg fast delivery, establishing a direct cause and effect between the pathological finding and the patient condition has proven to asthma definition uptodate buy discount montelukast 5 mg be elusive and most often does not assist greatly in patient management. With regard to physical activity, there appear to be mixed findings, with certain activities related to specific sports (eg, weightlifting, body building, rowing) associated with low back pain. While different operational definitions have been reported in the literature, commonly accepted definitions for the acute, subacute, and chronic phases are, respectively, less than 1 month, between 2 and 3 months, and greater than 3 months since the onset of the episode of low back pain. Because low back pain is often recurrent in nature, exclusive use of temporal definitions to describe its course has been challenged in the literature. Risk factors are multifactorial, population specific, and only weakly associated with the development of low back pain. This is not purely an academic issue, as the prognosis of low back pain changes when the influence of recurrence is considered. Of patients with acute low back pain who were followed for 1 year, 65% reported 1 or more additional episodes. Other studies have reported lower, but still substantial, recurrence rates ranging from 20% to 35% over a period of 6 to 22 months41 and 45% over 3 years. At the 1-year follow-up of patients with low back pain followed by primary care practitioners, 69% of patients with recent onset (within the past 6 months) of low back pain reported having pain in the last month. Most intervention studies have taken an approach whereby low back pain is treated as a homogeneous entity once medical red flags and nerve root compression are excluded. Most clinicians, however, perceive that recognizable subgroups exist, and researchers agree that clinical care may be improved with effective subgrouping methods. The utility of subgrouping based on pathoanatomy is limited by an inability to identify a pathological mechanism for most patients. Emphasis in the development of subgrouping methods for conservative care has therefore been placed on patterns of signs and symptoms from the clinical examination. While many interventions have been dismissed as either ineffective or accompanied with small effect sizes when studied in people with heterogeneous, nonspecific low back pain,83 recent reports in the literature suggest that interventions based on subgroup classification have the potential to enhance effect sizes over studies where the identical interventions were administered in a one-sizefits-all approach. Prognostic factors for development of recurrent pain include (1) history of previous episodes,280,304 (2) excessive spine mobility,139,191 and (3) excessive mobility in other joints. E There are a variety of low back pain classification systems described in the literature. Therefore, the authors of these guidelines provide a synthesis of these classification approaches by highlighting particular subgroups of patients with low back pain that have high levels of evidence supporting their identification and management. The treatment-based classification system107,110 uses information from the history and physical examination to place patients into 1 of 4 separate treatment subgroups. The labels of these 4 subgroups, which are mobilization, specific exercise, immobilization, and traction, intend to capture the primary focus of the physical therapy intervention. The second difference is the addition of the low back pain with "related cognitive or affective tendencies" and "generalized pain" categories to provide a classification for patients with pain who, in addition to movement-related impairments of body function, have impairments of mental functioning (appropriateness of emotion, content of thought) and impairments of sensory function (generalized pain). The authors of these guidelines propose that the recurring nature of low back pain requires clinicians to expand beyond the time frames traditionally used for acute (less than 1 month), subacute (between 2 and 3 months), and chronic (greater than 3 months) low back pain categorization. For example, clinicians frequently are required to assist patients with managing acute exacerbations of "chronic" low back pain conditions. Movement/ pain relations are commonly used in physical therapy for classifying patients into treatment categories that respond best to matched intervention strategies,35,89,103,105,107,108 as well as to guide dosing of manual therapy, therapeutic exercise, and patient education interventions. For acute low back pain with movement coordination impairments and acute low back pain with radiating pain, the distinguishing movement/pain characteristic is pain that occurs with initial to mid-ranges of active or passive motions, with intervention strategies focused on movements that limit pain or increase the pain-free movement in the mid-ranges. For subacute low back pain with mobility deficits, subacute low back pain with movement coordination impairments, and subacute low back pain with radiating pain, the distinguishing movement/pain characteristic is pain that occurs with mid- to end-ranges of active or passive motions, with intervention strategies focused on movements that increase movement tolerances in the mid- to end-ranges of motions. For chronic low back pain with movement coordination impairments and chronic low back pain with radiating pain, the distinguishing movement/pain characteristic is pain that occurs with sustained end-range movements or positions, with intervention strategies focused on move- V a14 april 2012 volume 42 number 4 journal of orthopaedic & sports physical therapy Low Back Pain: Clinical Practice Guidelines ments that increase movement tolerances in the end ranges of motion. For the acute and subacute low back pain with related cognitive and affective tendencies and chronic low back pain with generalized pain categories, the low back pain does not follow the initial, mid-range, or end-range movement/ pain relations reflective of tissue stress, inflammation, and irritability. Hence, the intervention strategies for these pain categories are not focused on normalizing movement/pain relations but rather on addressing the relevant cognitive and affective tendencies and pain behaviors with patient education and counseling. In the vast majority of patients with low back pain, symptoms can be attributed to nonspecific mechanical factors. However, in a much smaller percentage of patients, the cause of back pain may be something more serious, such as cancer,82,84,148 cauda equina syndrome,74,84 spinal infection,307 spinal compression fractures,149 spinal stress fractures,150 ankylosing spondylitis,130 or aneurysm. The table below lists serious medical conditions that can cause low back pain and their associated red flags, including tumors, cauda equina syndrome, infection, compression fracture, and abdominal aortic aneurysm. Clinicians must be aware of the key signs and symptoms associated with serious medical conditions that cause low back pain and develop a system to continually screen for the presence of these conditions.

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